The Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment (EPSDT) provisions are among the most specific in the Medicaid Act. See 42 U.S.C. §§ 1396a(a)(10)(A), 1396a(a)(43), 1396d(a)(4)(B), 1396d(r). EPSDT is critical for children with disabilities. Over the years, however, states have not adhered to their responsibilities, and litigation has resulted. This Fact Sheet summarizes the federal requirements for EPSDT, discusses legal and policy trends, and provides an annotated case docket.